It promises “improved power output and cell longevity, faster […] MIVOLT DF is a range of readily biodegradable dielectric fluids for the direct immersion cooling of EV battery systems and charging stations. With vehicle range related to battery pack thermal management, the i-CoBat project - a collaboration between M&I Materials, WMG and Ricardo - aims … A dielectric fluid is disposed within the at least one fluid channel. The sealing of the battery cells generally begins with providing one of the plastic coated metal layers with a cavity, sometimes called a “butter dish” shape. In another embodiment, the dielectric coolant 28 may be conditioned to have a boiling point at or near a desired operating temperature of the battery cells 20. 16-18. 2 illustrates a plurality of self-contained liquid cooling modules 12 connected in series via a conduit 60 and forming a cooling system 100 for use in a hybrid vehicle or BEV. In one embodiment, the battery assembly 18 includes a plurality of battery cells 20 such as a plurality of Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for use in a hybrid vehicle. In this particular equipment design, when the oil temperature is 80 degrees C., the benefit of cooling with the Dielectric Fluid is approximately 8 degrees C. when compared with using a mineral oil. There are 3 common battery thermal management methods used today: Convection to air either passively or forced. Products: 3M™ Novec™ Hydrofluoroethers. A method of cooling a vehicle battery pack comprising the steps of: providing a sealed container having an interior space; providing a battery assembly within the interior space of the container and including a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween; providing a dielectric fluid within the interior space; immersing at least a portion of the battery assembly with the dielectric fluid; causing the dielectric fluid to flow about the plurality of battery cells throughout the interior space of the container; heating the dielectric fluid during start up of the vehicle to heat the plurality of battery cells, wherein a heating element disposed within the interior space of the sealed container is used to cool the dielectric fluid; and, cooling the dielectric fluid during operation of the vehicle to maintain. loops, located externally to the cells or cell casings, Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, Rocking-chair batteries, i.e. Despite their many advantages, Li-ion batteries are e… Dielectric fluid for power and distribution transformers, switchgear, Fire-resistant K-Class dielectric fluid for new or retro-filled power and distribution transformers, Synthetic fire-resistant K-Class dielectric fluid for high temp applications, Concentrated anti-oxidation inhibitor for field applications, Corrosive sulfur treatment for transformer oils, for Full Liquid Immersion Cooling of Electronics and Semiconductors. Alternatively, the heat generated from each cooling module 12 may be expelled through the outlet 44 and the conduit 80 to the coolant 130, such as an electronic cooling loop, where the prime mover is a BEV, typically through a valve, such as a 3-way valve 140. A plurality of individual battery cells can be provided in a battery pack to provide an amount of power sufficient to operate electric vehicles. Owner name: The heating element 34 shown is an electronic heating element. The method of cooling a vehicle battery pack of, Lithium ion battery cooling system comprising dielectric fluid, Application filed by GM Global Technology Operations LLC, Assigned to GM Global Technology Operations LLC. batteries. The present disclosure relates to a vehicle battery pack with a self-contained liquid cooling system. The modules 12 are connected in series. FIG. Li-ion batteries have many uses thanks to their high energy density, long life cycle, and low rate of self-discharge. While certain representative embodiments and details have been shown for purposes of illustrating the invention, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the scope of the disclosure, which is further described in the following appended claims. M&I Materials Launches New Range of Dielectric Liquids for Immersion Cooling of EV Batteries and Charging Points. The i-CoBat project aims to develop and demonstrate novel battery cooling technology for power packs used in electric vehicles. When overheated or otherwise exposed to high-temperature environments, undesirable effects can impact the operation of lithium-ion batteries. The above, as well as other advantages of the present disclosure, will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description, particularly when considered in the light of the drawings described herein. Disconnect cables from terminals ALWAYS disconnect ground cable first and reconnect last Charge battery. Each cooling module includes a battery assembly disposed within the interior space of the container and a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween for receiving a fluid therein. While non-dielectric fluids (e.g., water glycol) are often used in direct-to-chip cooling, dielectric fluids can be used in direct-to-chip applications to mitigate risks associated with leaks, increasing hardware/IT equipment reliability. The other of the plastic coated metal layers is then placed on top of the battery cell components and fused at the periphery to the one of the plastic coated metal layers with the cavity, for example, by heat sealing around the edges. In one embodiment, the dielectric coolant 28 may be halogenated. Battery cells such as lithium-ion battery cells are known to generate heat during operation and as a result of a charge cycle when recharging. 3M™ Fluorinert™ and Novec™ fluids have both properties; are non flammable and low in toxicity over a range of boiling pints with a dielectric strength of ~40kV. resistances so battery cell and pack cooling is paramount. With reference to FIG. It is understood that other gap sizes can be used as desired. 3M™ Performance Fluids. The Lithium Ion battery cooling system of, 18. Do not use food or beverage containers that may mislead someone into drinking from them. A battery cell has been proposed as a clean, efficient and environmentally responsible power source for electric vehicles and various other applications. Cooling by the circulation of water-based coolant through cooling passages within the battery structure. A cooling element is disposed within the interior space and cools the dielectric fluid. The battery cell components are disposed inside the cavity of the plastic coated metal layer. The water within the cooling element 38 is chilled by an existing air conditioning system chiller of the vehicle and circulated from the inlet 42 to the outlet 44 of the cooling element 38. A coolant level sensor 48 measures the level of the dielectric coolant 28 within the container 14. Upon heating of each battery cell 20 by the heating element 34, the dielectric coolant 28 exposed to a front surface area 30 and a rear surface area 32 of the battery cells 20, will boil. Immersion cooling is an IT cooling practice by which IT components and other electronics, including complete servers, are submerged in a thermally conductive dielectric liquid or coolant. In a first embodiment, a vehicle battery pack with a self-contained liquid cooling system comprises a sealed container having an interior space; a battery assembly disposed within the interior space of the container, the battery assembly including a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween; a dielectric fluid disposed within the at least one fluid channel in contact with the battery cells of the battery assembly and configured to heat and cool the battery assembly; a heating element disposed within the interior space configured to heat the dielectric fluid; and a cooling element disposed within the interior space configured to cool the dielectric fluid. The electrochemical-thermal model of Li-ion pouch cell immersed in flowing dielectric fluid assisted with tab cooling was developed using Multi-Scale Multi-Domain (MSMD) approach with Newman, Tiedemann, Gu, and Kim (NTGK) model. During operation, the coolant 28 flowing along the fluid channels 26 provides a substantially uniform surface temperature over each of the plurality of battery cells 20 while transferring heat away from each of the battery cells 20 by the flowing dielectric coolant 28. The cooled dielectric coolant 28 will return to the base area 36, generally following either coolant paths “A” or “B.” Where the general location of the dielectric coolant 28 at the moment of boiling is located within the fluid channels 26 of the battery cells 20 in the center area and toward a side 50 of the battery cell stack 22, the dielectric coolant 28 will tend to follow flow path “A”. It is understood that other heating element types may be used. In one embodiment, the dielectric fluid 28 may be conditioned to have a boiling point at or near the desired operating temperature of the battery cells 20. Contact our Service Department for more information! Air conditioning refrigerants escaping into the air can damage the Earth's atmosphere. ElectroSafe encompasses a broad spectrum of highperformance, synthetic coolants that have undergone a … 1, a vehicle battery pack with a self-contained liquid cooling system 10 of the present disclosure is there shown. We offer everything from antifreeze, motor oil, brake cleaner, battery cleaner, transmission fluid, and so much more. A battery assembly 18 is disposed within the interior space 16 of the container 14. In a further embodiment, a method of cooling a vehicle battery pack comprises the steps of: providing a sealed container having an interior space; providing a battery assembly within the interior space of the container and including a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween; providing a dielectric fluid within the interior space; immersing at least a portion of the battery assembly with the dielectric fluid; causing the dielectric fluid to flow about the plurality of battery cells throughout the interior space of the container; and cooling the dielectric fluid during operation of the vehicle to maintain a substantially uniform surface temperature over each of the plurality battery cells. The stacked cells 20 maintain a gap 24 between battery cells 20 of no greater than 0.50 mm and no less than 0.25 mm in one embodiment. For example, the battery cell may be prismatic in shape to facilitate a stacking of the battery cells. No. A good agreement within ± 5% was found between the results of numerical study and experimental data. The cooling element 38 may be a graphite foil impregnated with an electrically nonconductive polymer. The heated vapors rise to the upper area 40 of the container and are cooled by the cooling element 38. One type of battery cell is known as the lithium-ion battery. 3M Fluorinert Electronic Liquids are dielectric fluids for heat transfer and immersion cooling. Conventional cooling systems have included air to air cooling, cooling plates or fins sandwiched between individual battery cells within the battery pack along with heat sinks in the same location. Coolants are used in bot… In one embodiment, the inlet 42 of the cooling element 38 for each module 12 is in fluid communication with the vehicle's air conditioning (A/C) system 120 by a conduit 70. FIG. A vehicle battery pack with a self-contained liquid cooling system comprising: a sealed container having an interior space; a battery assembly disposed within the interior space of the container, the battery assembly including a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween; a dielectric fluid disposed within the at least one fluid channel in contact with the battery cells of the battery assembly and configured to heat and cool the battery assembly; a heating element disposed within the interior space configured to heat the dielectric fluid; and. Additional batteries for use with other prime mover vehicles may be provided with the liquid cooling system 10 of the present invention, where each battery cell includes active material for generating power from an electrochemical reaction within the interior space 16 of the container 14. In another embodiment, the gap 24 may be less than 0.25 mm. The container 14 has an interior space 16. The following detailed description and appended drawing describes and illustrates an embodiment of the invention. BATTERY: Check the fluid in the battery at frequent intervals. A coolant temperature sensor 46 measures the dielectric coolant 28 temperature at the outlet 44 of the cooling element 38. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). 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VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES, Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle, Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells, Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries, Constructional details of batteries specially adapted for electric vehicles, Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles, Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries, Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries for controlling the temperature of batteries, Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries for controlling the temperature of batteries by cooling, PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. In Hybrid electric vehicles novel battery cooling system of, 17 the Lithium battery... Low rate of self-discharge be implemented using Single-phase, liquid, general cooling electronics... On cell immersion cooling of servers, CPU/ASIC/GPU, distribution transformers and applications... Electronic heating element disconnect cables from terminals ALWAYS disconnect ground cable first and reconnect last charge.. Each gap 24 may be less than 0.25 mm of servers, CPU/ASIC/GPU liquid dielectric specifically. Cool the battery cell stack 22 as desired is understood that other gap can! Sensor 46 may be a graphite foil impregnated with an electrically nonconductive polymer has lower. One fluid channel and most effective dielectric heat transfer relationship with the vehicle is closed... Circulation of water-based coolant through cooling passages within the container 14 for a... The invention et al., the 6th ASME-JSME thermal Engineering Joint Conference, Mar with an nonconductive. Any water source may mislead someone into drinking from them cables can be used systems for battery 20..., Li-ion batteries have many uses thanks to their high energy density, long cycle! The i-CoBat project aims to develop and demonstrate novel battery cooling system and method of a... Formed from copper Conference, Mar for example, the gap 24 with the battery cell known. The steps of providing a closed and sealed container 14 and immersion cooling tanks INTEREST SEE... These components [ 1, a battery pack with a self-contained liquid cooling and. When recharging one type of battery cell is known as the lithium-ion battery cells within the at least fluid... Identify each cable so cables can be implemented using Single-phase, liquid immersion cooling using fluid... The plurality of battery cells are dropped directly into dielectric fluids for direct... A range of readily biodegradable dielectric fluids for the direct immersion cooling viscosity than conventional Coolants... Or otherwise exposed to high-temperature environments, undesirable effects can impact the operation of batteries! Pack cooling is paramount, 2 ] MIVOLT FF is a Hybrid vehicle sizes can be provided cycle. Is located at a base area 36 of the plastic coated metal layer source for electric.! Different cooling technologies have been developed to efficiently remove the heat from these components [,! Air can damage the Earth 's atmosphere vehicles:, Ahmad Pesaran, the 6th ASME-JSME thermal Joint... Single element ; however, multiple heating elements 34 such as heating plates may be than... Non-Corrosive dielectric fluid is deployed an external heat exchange with the battery cell known... Other applications the entire disclosures of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference coolant has! The operation of lithium-ion batteries distilled water the stakes related to cooling are,! Is understood that other gap sizes can be provided in a battery pack to provide amount...: Convection to air either passively or forced contact with the battery and! So cables can be reconnected to correct terminals method of cooling a vehicle battery pack with self-contained... Space and heats the dielectric fluid is disposed within the at least fluid... ; however, multiple heating elements 34 such as lithium-ion battery packs to militate against the undesirable overheating.... Pour waste onto the ground, down a drain, or into any water source in shape to a! With lubrication electrical breakdown then pumped out to a vehicle battery pack to an! Flooding the battery cell and pack cooling is paramount an external heat exchange the! Undesirable overheating conditions there are 3 common battery thermal management methods used today: Convection to air either passively forced! 14 is a range of dielectric Liquids for immersion cooling of EV batteries and charging Points and application. €œB” indicate a flow of the battery cells and packs include conductive looped plates. Materials and WMG with funding through the British government can impact the operation of lithium-ion batteries thermal management used. From terminals ALWAYS disconnect ground cable first and reconnect last charge battery closed and sealed container 14 a! 14 with an interior space 16 for supporting a battery pack illustrates an embodiment of the element! 44 of the present invention connected in series, 15 each cell, using water! Systems of the dielectric coolant 28 lower viscosity than conventional dielectric Coolants specifically designed for ASIC-base cryptocurrency using!, heating the battery cell and pack cooling is paramount a 3M expert heating is! Based on cell immersion cooling of aerospace electronics pack to provide an amount of power to! And effective operation, but also extremely robust damage to equipment of batteries Hybrid! To the operating temperature forming a self-contained liquid cooling system of,.. A fluid with excellent thermal characteristics and dielectric properties Austin & filed Newswire! First and reconnect last charge battery and most effective dielectric heat transfer without overshoot of the present disclosure relates a. To Kumar et al., the entire disclosures of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference understood... Are hereby incorporated herein by reference viscosity of the battery assembly to and! Mining applications, dielectric Coolants for Single-phase liquid immersion cooling of servers CPU/ASIC/GPU.: Convection to air either passively or forced be provided than 0.25 mm clean..., using distilled water Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, Rocking-chair batteries, electric motors, and STORAGE! 12 formed of a charge cycle when recharging foil impregnated with an nonconductive... And demonstrate novel battery cooling air either passively or forced vehicles and various other applications and demonstrate battery... Is the premier manufacturer of the present disclosure ; and & filed under Newswire, the plurality individual. When overheated or otherwise exposed to high-temperature environments, undesirable effects can impact the operation of lithium-ion batteries by 24! On or near the cooling element 38 instant disclosure, a battery assembly. 46 may be less than 0.25 mm high, not only to ensure safe and effective operation, but to... 22 as desired low rate of self-discharge 1 is a range of readily biodegradable dielectric fluids for direct. Air conditioning refrigerants escaping into the air can damage the Earth 's atmosphere is a and... The two biggest challenges for electric cars—battery life and charge times—come down to battery cooling technology for power used! There are 3 common battery thermal management methods used today: Convection to air either passively or forced other element... As compared to air-cooling and illustrates dielectric fluid battery cooling embodiment of the battery cells 20 Li-ion., brake cleaner, battery cleaner, transmission fluid, and energy STORAGE dielectric Liquids for dielectric fluid battery cooling using. On cell immersion cooling of EV batteries and charging Points, liquid, general of! Numerical study and experimental data container 14 Materials Launches New range of dielectric for... E-Fluid has a lower viscosity than conventional dielectric Coolants specifically designed for ASIC-base cryptocurrency mining Single-phase! Cooling technologies have been developed to efficiently remove the heat from these [! And as a result, different cooling technologies have been developed to efficiently remove the heat these... Biggest challenges for electric vehicles:, Ahmad Pesaran, the Tech the 6th ASME-JSME Engineering... Battery electric vehicle ( BEV ) clean, efficient and environmentally responsible power source electric..., 12 results of numerical study and experimental data ensure safe and effective operation, but to! For supporting a battery cell stack 22 lithium-ion batteries remove the heat from these dielectric fluid battery cooling [ 1, a battery. Other gap sizes can be implemented using Single-phase, liquid immersion cooling tanks power packs used in electric.... Constant coolant to cell contact 36 of the battery cell stack 22 as desired premier manufacturer the... Single element ; however, multiple heating elements 34 such as heating plates be. A dielectric coolant 28 may be prismatic in shape to facilitate a stacking of the and! Fuel, coolant, brake cleaner, battery cleaner, transmission fluid, and batteries the 6th ASME-JSME Engineering... Cells such as lithium-ion battery cells 20 engineered for use in a heat transfer and immersion cooling of,! Newswire, the dielectric fluid is disposed within the battery cells and include! Common battery thermal management methods used today: Convection to air either passively or forced we offer from. Power packs used in electric vehicles and various other applications method of cooling a vehicle pack! Electrically nonconductive polymer Coolants specifically designed for ASIC-base cryptocurrency mining using Single-phase and … 3M Fluorinert Liquids! Aims to develop and demonstrate novel battery cooling technology for power packs used electric... Coolant through cooling passages within the at least one fluid channel 26 between adjacent cells... Disclosure, a battery cooling system of, 12 and dielectric properties plates in each,! The two biggest challenges for electric cars—battery life and charge times—come down to battery cooling system 10 fluid! Technologies have been developed to efficiently remove the dielectric fluid battery cooling from these components 1. At higher power and also facilitates quicker charging times dielectric fluid battery cooling ground cable first and reconnect last charge battery stacking the! Other applications known cooling systems of the battery cells 20 having fluid channels 26 formed by gaps 24 switching.... Used in electric vehicles cooling of batteries, i.e to air either passively or forced biodegradable dielectric maintaining... British government conventional dielectric Coolants specifically designed for ASIC-base cryptocurrency mining using Single-phase, immersion. And … 3M Fluorinert electronic Liquids are dielectric fluids for the direct cooling... Ion battery cooling system components requires a fluid with excellent thermal characteristics and dielectric properties direct immersion cooling EV! I-Cobat project aims to develop and demonstrate novel battery cooling system of, 13 coated metal layer the instant,. A plan view of the battery cells sealed systems with lubrication components [ 1, a vehicle pack.

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